DIVYESH private transportation has led to unexpected pressure

DIVYESH GEDIYA-16MP05

 

 

INTRODUCTION:

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In India, the percentage of urban population with respect to the total population has been increasing over the last three decades at an average rate of 40% per decade. The population growth was relatively high between 1991 to 2001 (increase over 80%). After post reforms, the population growth was also supported by urban economic growth catering to increased livelihood options for urban dwellers. 1

The urban population growth forced the cities to spared and expand into the peri-urban areas. This expansion of the cities has resulted in an increased need for mobility, also, the increase in affordability index due to economic growth has led to a higher aspiration amongst people. Unfortunately, in most of the Indian cities, the public transportation system has not been able to keep pace with the city’s growth and its developmental needs. This lack of public transportation, growing need for connectivity and comfort, has led to increased usage of private transportation.

The increased use of private transportation has led to unexpected pressure on the transportation infrastructure. For example, city centers are usually comprised of high building density, but their roads are designed for low traffic density. This existing situation reduces the scope for expansion of the road widths. Further, encroachment on the carriageway by informal traders and unorganized vehicle parking, especially in the business areas reduces the effective road width.2

India is witnessing rapid urbanization and motorization; the urban population is growing at a rate of 3.16 % per year, motor vehicles are growing at a rate of 9% (Source: Sharma, Jain, and Singh, 2011).This is owing to the lack of public transport supply in cities.3 Today, buses constitute only 1% of the total registered vehicles in cities.4 In fact, a few Indian cities have organized, regularized, and regulated public transport system. The commuter rail service is also limited to a few metropolitan cities.5  PTS generally emerge out as lifetime support to serve growing transport needs among Indian cities. Lack of infrastructure, inefficient operational controls, insufficient training, irregular monitoring, etc. does make PTS unsafe but crucial. Further, the lack of regulatory mechanisms within these systems may cripple working in the cities. Therefore, the linkages of the public transportation system with a reliable and passenger friendly para-transit will be essential to reduce the traffic congestion, travel times and reliance’s on private transport. An integrated approach including approach, including all stakeholders is necessary to make the system safer. This would need a sound understanding of the current transportation system.

In the absence of an organized city bus service, Intermediate public transport (IPT) is modes that fill the gap between private transport and public transport. IPT is consisted taxicab, maxi cab, matador van, phutphut, tempos, auto-rickshaw, trekker, cycle rickshaw, man-pulled rickshaw, Tonga, etc. IPT mode is most preferred in the small and medium-size cities. Because in medium and small cities, there have a no public transport facility is available. In metro cities, IPT is used as a feeder service for the public transport (BRTS and metro).6 IPT is divided into two categories:

1.      Contract Carriage Services: which are flexible demand-based services where the passenger determines the destination

 

2.      Informal Public Transport (bus like) services: characterized by shared fixed-route services with intermediate stops for boarding and alighting. While contract carriage services are ubiquitous

 

The IPT characterizes more personalized kind of system that carries fewer passengers and is highly flexible in routing and operations. It does not have fixed halting points and time schedule is regulated by internal competition, number of passengers, etc. Mainly IPT is operated by the union.

For the making of the sustainable transportation system is required to improve the public and intermediate public transport system.  So people sift private transport to public transport or intermediate public transport. In small and medium town it’s required to improve the planning for intermediate public transport (IPT).

 

ISSUE:

1.      Due to the increase of growth of the vehicle is leading the traffic congestion.

2.      Lack of passenger safety

3.      No metering facility is available in the auto rickshaw.

4.      For earn more money they Carries the passenger beyond the capacity.

 

PROBLEM:

1.      Haphazard parking leading to reduction capacity of road.

2.      Poor traffic management.

3.      Absence of planning for the IPT service.

 

AIM:     

To develop IPT service more efficient, reliable, safe and eco-friendly.

 

OBJECTIVES:

 

1.      To understand the existing transportation service in the city

2.      To study the modal choice behavior of the commuters

3.      To study the existing transport network of the city. 

4.      To identify the potential route for IPT

5.      To find share of auto rickshaw in the IPT, major origin and destination place of the commuters.

6.      To develop new strategies for the improving IPT service and utility mapping of IPT service.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H0= If improve in the service regularity of auto rickshaw than people use IPT service more          frequently.

H1= If auto rickshaw service is make affordable than people use is use more auto rickshaw than the              private vehicle.

H2= if increase the capacity of auto rickshaw can reduce the vehicle and it will reduce the traffic congestion due to the auto rickshaw.

 

SCOPE:

 

1.   The study focus is at Bardoli city limit only

2.   Consider only Auto rickshaw service in the IPT service

3.   Conduct the Household survey, User/Passenger interview, and service provider interview.

 

NEED OF THE STUDY:

 

Bardoli is the medium size city has a population of 76431 as per the census 2011.Bardoli municipality area is 7.36 sq.km. In city presently they have no public transport facility. Because the daily average road trip is not sufficient to operate any bus or city bus service as well as the most of the road of the city has narrow road so it’s not possible to operate bus service. So for that reason, IPT is used for the public transportation system in the city. Daily thousands of people is visit Bardoli for the various purpose i.e. study, working, etc. and they are use auto rickshaw for the transportation.so it’s need to improve the IPT service.

 

 

METHODOLOGY:

v  Primary Data collection:

·         Questionnaires: household survey, user/passenger survey, IPT driver survey, and service provider interview.

·         Site visits, observation.

v  Secondary data collection:

·         Collect the different type of map of bardoli taluka and city like revenue map of city, ward wise map, transportation map.

·         Vehicular data, especially paratransit vehicle data from the RTO office.

·         Census data

·         Government reports, journals and transportation related codes and manual. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTARIZATION:

1.      Introduction: Covers significance, aim, objectives, scope, methodology flow chart and Chaptarization of the study.

2.      Literature review: Describes various theory and literature referred for the understanding various issues and remedies related to the transportation planning & urban transport. It also describes brief studies in India and developing nations, norms, standards and guidelines for the same.

3.      Study area profile (Bardoli city): Includes overview of study area (Bardoli city), demographic features, population growth, economic profile, transportation scenario and IPT service about study area.

4.      Data collection and data analysis: Includes data collected for the work and analysis of the data collected.

·         Primary Data collection:

·         Questionnaires: household survey, user/passenger survey, IPT driver survey, and service provider interview.

·         Site visits, observation.

·         Secondary data collection:

·         Collect the different type of map of bardoli taluka and city like revenue map of city, ward wise map, transportation map.

·         Vehicular data, especially paratransit vehicle data from the RTO office.

·         Census data

·         Government reports, journals and transportation related codes and manual. 

 

5.      Planning Proposal: This chapter gives the proposals for the development of study area.

6.      Conclusion and Future scope of study: This chapter derives outcome of study and also the future scope of work.

                 

1 A study on para-transit system in Indore city, g. K. Bhat

       2 A study on para-transit system in Indore city, g. K. Bhat

3 Road Transport Yearbook 2011-12, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

4 NTDPC report, 2014.DIVYESH GEDIYA-16MP05

 

AUGMENTATION OF IPT IN MEDIUM CLASS TOWN: A CASE STUDY OF BARDOLI

 

INTRODUCTION:

 

In India, the percentage of urban population with respect to the total population has been increasing over the last three decades at an average rate of 40% per decade. The population growth was relatively high between 1991 to 2001 (increase over 80%). After post reforms, the population growth was also supported by urban economic growth catering to increased livelihood options for urban dwellers. 1

The urban population growth forced the cities to spared and expand into the peri-urban areas. This expansion of the cities has resulted in an increased need for mobility, also, the increase in affordability index due to economic growth has led to a higher aspiration amongst people. Unfortunately, in most of the Indian cities, the public transportation system has not been able to keep pace with the city’s growth and its developmental needs. This lack of public transportation, growing need for connectivity and comfort, has led to increased usage of private transportation.

The increased use of private transportation has led to unexpected pressure on the transportation infrastructure. For example, city centers are usually comprised of high building density, but their roads are designed for low traffic density. This existing situation reduces the scope for expansion of the road widths. Further, encroachment on the carriageway by informal traders and unorganized vehicle parking, especially in the business areas reduces the effective road width.2

India is witnessing rapid urbanization and motorization; the urban population is growing at a rate of 3.16 % per year, motor vehicles are growing at a rate of 9% (Source: Sharma, Jain, and Singh, 2011).This is owing to the lack of public transport supply in cities.3 Today, buses constitute only 1% of the total registered vehicles in cities.4 In fact, a few Indian cities have organized, regularized, and regulated public transport system. The commuter rail service is also limited to a few metropolitan cities.5  PTS generally emerge out as lifetime support to serve growing transport needs among Indian cities. Lack of infrastructure, inefficient operational controls, insufficient training, irregular monitoring, etc. does make PTS unsafe but crucial. Further, the lack of regulatory mechanisms within these systems may cripple working in the cities. Therefore, the linkages of the public transportation system with a reliable and passenger friendly para-transit will be essential to reduce the traffic congestion, travel times and reliance’s on private transport. An integrated approach including approach, including all stakeholders is necessary to make the system safer. This would need a sound understanding of the current transportation system.

In the absence of an organized city bus service, Intermediate public transport (IPT) is modes that fill the gap between private transport and public transport. IPT is consisted taxicab, maxi cab, matador van, phutphut, tempos, auto-rickshaw, trekker, cycle rickshaw, man-pulled rickshaw, Tonga, etc. IPT mode is most preferred in the small and medium-size cities. Because in medium and small cities, there have a no public transport facility is available. In metro cities, IPT is used as a feeder service for the public transport (BRTS and metro).6 IPT is divided into two categories:

1.      Contract Carriage Services: which are flexible demand-based services where the passenger determines the destination

 

2.      Informal Public Transport (bus like) services: characterized by shared fixed-route services with intermediate stops for boarding and alighting. While contract carriage services are ubiquitous

 

The IPT characterizes more personalized kind of system that carries fewer passengers and is highly flexible in routing and operations. It does not have fixed halting points and time schedule is regulated by internal competition, number of passengers, etc. Mainly IPT is operated by the union.

For the making of the sustainable transportation system is required to improve the public and intermediate public transport system.  So people sift private transport to public transport or intermediate public transport. In small and medium town it’s required to improve the planning for intermediate public transport (IPT).

 

ISSUE:

1.      Due to the increase of growth of the vehicle is leading the traffic congestion.

2.      Lack of passenger safety

3.      No metering facility is available in the auto rickshaw.

4.      For earn more money they Carries the passenger beyond the capacity.

 

PROBLEM:

1.      Haphazard parking leading to reduction capacity of road.

2.      Poor traffic management.

3.      Absence of planning for the IPT service.

 

AIM:     

To develop IPT service more efficient, reliable, safe and eco-friendly.

 

OBJECTIVES:

 

1.      To understand the existing transportation service in the city

2.      To study the modal choice behavior of the commuters

3.      To study the existing transport network of the city. 

4.      To identify the potential route for IPT

5.      To find share of auto rickshaw in the IPT, major origin and destination place of the commuters.

6.      To develop new strategies for the improving IPT service and utility mapping of IPT service.

 

HYPOTHESIS:

H0= If improve in the service regularity of auto rickshaw than people use IPT service more          frequently.

H1= If auto rickshaw service is make affordable than people use is use more auto rickshaw than the              private vehicle.

H2= if increase the capacity of auto rickshaw can reduce the vehicle and it will reduce the traffic congestion due to the auto rickshaw.

 

SCOPE:

 

1.   The study focus is at Bardoli city limit only

2.   Consider only Auto rickshaw service in the IPT service

3.   Conduct the Household survey, User/Passenger interview, and service provider interview.

 

NEED OF THE STUDY:

 

Bardoli is the medium size city has a population of 76431 as per the census 2011.Bardoli municipality area is 7.36 sq.km. In city presently they have no public transport facility. Because the daily average road trip is not sufficient to operate any bus or city bus service as well as the most of the road of the city has narrow road so it’s not possible to operate bus service. So for that reason, IPT is used for the public transportation system in the city. Daily thousands of people is visit Bardoli for the various purpose i.e. study, working, etc. and they are use auto rickshaw for the transportation.so it’s need to improve the IPT service.

 

 

METHODOLOGY:

v  Primary Data collection:

·         Questionnaires: household survey, user/passenger survey, IPT driver survey, and service provider interview.

·         Site visits, observation.

v  Secondary data collection:

·         Collect the different type of map of bardoli taluka and city like revenue map of city, ward wise map, transportation map.

·         Vehicular data, especially paratransit vehicle data from the RTO office.

·         Census data

·         Government reports, journals and transportation related codes and manual. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTARIZATION:

1.      Introduction: Covers significance, aim, objectives, scope, methodology flow chart and Chaptarization of the study.

2.      Literature review: Describes various theory and literature referred for the understanding various issues and remedies related to the transportation planning & urban transport. It also describes brief studies in India and developing nations, norms, standards and guidelines for the same.

3.      Study area profile (Bardoli city): Includes overview of study area (Bardoli city), demographic features, population growth, economic profile, transportation scenario and IPT service about study area.

4.      Data collection and data analysis: Includes data collected for the work and analysis of the data collected.

·         Primary Data collection:

·         Questionnaires: household survey, user/passenger survey, IPT driver survey, and service provider interview.

·         Site visits, observation.

·         Secondary data collection:

·         Collect the different type of map of bardoli taluka and city like revenue map of city, ward wise map, transportation map.

·         Vehicular data, especially paratransit vehicle data from the RTO office.

·         Census data

·         Government reports, journals and transportation related codes and manual. 

 

5.      Planning Proposal: This chapter gives the proposals for the development of study area.

6.      Conclusion and Future scope of study: This chapter derives outcome of study and also the future scope of work.

                 

1 A study on para-transit system in Indore city, g. K. Bhat

       2 A study on para-transit system in Indore city, g. K. Bhat

3 Road Transport Yearbook 2011-12, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

4 NTDPC report, 2014.

5 Improving and Upgrading IPT Vehicles and Services: A Study (2014), Ms. Kanika Kalra, (Urban Transport Expert,  IUT)

 

6 Socio economic status of auto rickshaw operators in dindigul district (2015), Madurai kamaraj university

 

5 Improving and Upgrading IPT Vehicles and Services: A Study (2014), Ms. Kanika Kalra, (Urban Transport Expert,  IUT)

 

6 Socio economic status of auto rickshaw operators in dindigul district (2015), Madurai kamaraj university