AUTHENTICITY Holden a huge depression, we can clearly


Holden Caulfield, is the main character of The Catcher In The Eye and is constantly insulting and blaming people of being phony with the exception of Phoebe, Allie and himself of course. Also, Holden isn’t really conscious of what life can destine you, and doesn’t expect how difficult love actually is or life in general. We can see this as a problem during all the book as for example he doesn’t really know how to affront the situation of Allie’s death, causing him frustration and rage. This rage we can clearly see it with the success of what for Holden are phonies, such as his Headmaster, Stradlater or the other schoolboys that follow the normal social norms and values. Basically Holden finds authenticity in those who don’t follow the normal social rules that society follows. Despite this as we can see after, this could be caused by the lack of authority figures in his family. 


Holden simply in one word is alone. His parents are completely absent in all ways, except in the fact that they continually insist on Holden to continue in school. With the continuos change of school, Holden doesn’t completely adapt to any and as we can see in Pencey he doesn’t really find neither an adult figure which he can follow or take example of. Another point is the fact of his little brother’s death. Allie’s death because of Leucemia causes Holden a huge depression, we can clearly see this when Holden brakes all the windows of his garage and has to be hospitalized because of that. Another way we can see Holden loved Allie is the way in which he idolized his little brother before and after he died. The fact that Holden doesn’t communicate with his parents is also a problem, although he doesn’t have the problem, because his parents are the ones who are doing everything that benefits them instead of to Holden.  On the other hand, we can find a person that makes Holden happy, and that’s Phoebe, the problem comes when we talk about time, Holden practically doesn’t see Phoebe. Finally D.B , a similar thing happens with him, even though Holden quite likes him, he doesn’t have much chance of seeing him.

European affected areas of the boy’s skin. Each

European doctors recently cured a seven year old male who was suffering from a are skin condition called Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, which is potentially deadly.  Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa is a genetic disease that causes blisters and tears in the skin, leaving the patient  prone to infections and cancer.  After being diagnosed, the boy was given less than a year to live, and doctors began discussing ways to keep him comfortable during his last moments.  However, as a last ditch effort, they decided to talk to the director of the Center for Regenerative Medicine at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Dr. Michele De Luca.  He had been experimenting with methods to create some of the largest skin grafts known to the world for burn victims, and had been using his expertise to treat a patient with the same disease as the patient of the the European doctors.  The only difference was that Dr. De Luca’s patient was only being affected in small areas, whereas the boy in the article had nine square feet of infected skin.  Eventually, the doctors came up with a plan.  They decided to remove about half an inch of skin and then genetically engineered his cells, using a virus to swap the healthy version of his mutated genes into his DNA.  Next, they grew those healthy cells on giant sheets of skin and grafted them onto the affected areas of the boy’s skin. Each month, they focused on a new body part; in October they covered his arms and legs with the new skin, and in November they focused more on his abdomen, which proved to be mostly problematic on his back.  This was all done while the boy was in a medically induced coma, to avoid pain.  In the end, doctors replaced about 80% of his skin, which is an incredible feat.  While almost every case is different, doctors expect this to soon become one of the widespread methods of treatment for victims of Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, and maybe even patients with other skin diseases.   I have always been really interested in genetic modification and growing artificial body parts. This article was really amazing because not only are doctors beginning to be able to grow artificial body parts, but they are actively saving lives with this new technology.  The article talks about how the people who have often referred to as ‘no hope cases’ are now being given the opportunity to survive, which is what developing new medicine is all about. One of the biggest things that I was wondering about was whether or not the boy would eventually have to come back and get new treatments, or if this was a permanent new skin.  Also, if something happens, like he gets a scrape or a cut, will his artificial skin be able to heal on its own?  As technology advances, I think that this procedure will have a very positive impact on the world, not only for certain people with Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa, but with people with all kinds of skin diseases, or even burn victims.  

Does urban change. It still serves its traditional

Does planning need the plan?

 Michael Neuma (American Planning Association)

 Journal of the American Planning Association;
Spring 1998; 64, 2; ABI/INFORM Global pg. 208


This article is kind of general
discussion about planning and how planning need plans and it changed during times.

From modern city planning’s started
in the mid-nineteenth century. After World War II the plan’s stopped. There were
many powerful critiques to Plans and planning. According to facts, practice and
theory shifted from plan to process. Urban planners focused on theories, and
after a while they discovered about how planning need plan during times.

 This article compares plan-based and
nonplan-based planning by looking at both practice and theory in historical and
transatlantic perspective and explores the new claims put forward for the plan,
by comparing plan-based and non-plan-based planning, looking at both practice
and theory in historical perspective.

During sometimes use plan in
planning declined because The attack on the idea of comprehensive planning and
its main instrument, the plan, was part of the general attack on instrumental
rationality in the social sciences and professions. Critiques were also
launched on several fronts against the main tools of the plan zoning and land
use regulation.

After that time planner decided
to Reviving the plan, In some cases, the plan has proved to be an effective
instrument of urban policy and a spark for urban change. It still serves its
traditional functions of guiding urban facilities and setting parameters for
zoning and other legal controls on real property. It is serving newer purposes
as well. Physical plans put forth graphic images of the future that can rally
stakeholders to act. Citizens and interest groups like to back a plan that lets
them “see” what they will get. Politicians like to back a consensus
plan that deals with thorny issues they often find too risky to tackle

In this article we can find The
context of planning in different basins, such as housing and roads or in
another view national or local or etc, for example As World War II erupted,
national planning efforts around the world took a turn at churning out materiel
for their armies and navies. As soldiers and sailors returned home after the
war, the priorities of national planning and programs continued to supersede
those of local planning, as they had during the war and the depression before
it. Service men and women and their baby boom offspring needed homes and

As planning became segmented into
sub disciplines, work on housing, transportation, urban design, land use,
environment, community development, and economic development became separated,
in offices and curricula around the country. Planning and public policy
suffered a “sectoralization” (Wildavsky 1979).

Plans Chart Collective Hope.
Plans help connect people to places by bringing people together to shape a
common destiny for their places and themselves. In so doing, plans link past,
present, and future into a willed history. A plan is a history, the story of a
place. In addition, as territorial animals, humans need to control their home
place for their survival and well-being. The plan ought to be the principal
means of asserting control, since it is the only territorially based means that
deals with the unity of place. We need to better understand the connection of
people to place to plan, if we want plans to respond to the needs of residents
rather than to regulations

City planners bring cities to
life and life to cities, and have done so for centuries using plans. The recent
diversification of tools used by planners has enriched our profession. To be
most effective, and to be used with the soundest legal basis, they need to be
linked to a general plan. After all, the plan did give planning its name.

In my opinion We know from
experience that some plans have little effect. Worse, some backfire and cause
disasters. The critiques of plans are familiar: Plans become marginal when not
connected to power. Plans restrict development and impinge on the
“free” market. Plans are too general and future-oriented to deal with
daily concerns. Plans take too long to prepare, and by the time they are
adopted they have been overtaken by events. Plans attempt to accomplish too
much and end up doing little or nothing. These points have had a long history
of debate, and the debate has been revived.

As a result, the program should not stop along the planning path. The whole
way of rehabilitation or construction must always be alongside planning, and
sometimes even adapt.


 New aspects for me as the
first time reader of the article is Plans Use Images of Place to Portray
Collective Hopes. Pictures, metaphors, stories, designs, and maps paint images
in the mind’s eye. Kenneth Buldings showed that we change our mind about
something when we change our image of it . Images enhance a plan’s capacity to
change people’s minds, converting plans into political change agents. Using
images also enables planners to exploit powerful media networks. We live in a
popular culture where images reign and determine fortunes. The more we know
about the way all sorts of images work in plans and planning, the more we will

The main message of the article is “Plans
can be used to set agendas and resolve conflicts, because they are ideal
“single texts” that the participants in plan-making rely on to make


Outdoor obesity and physical activity. There is a

Outdoor development and education provides opportunities for youth to develop positive relationship with the environment, with other people and most importantly with themselves by interacting with the natural world. The relationships they make are important for their well-being. The outdoor development and education engages students in active learning experiences on natural settings that are outside the classroom. By working in these environments, people develop the skills and understandings to move safely around outside while valuing a good relationship with the natural environment around you and promoting the positive use of natural environments. The best thing about the outdoors is you can undertake anything out there, there are no restrictions compare to a classroom setting. The outdoors offers unique educational outcomes for students. It provides things like direct personal contact with nature; this can be achieved by outdoor recreation and nature experiences. This helps a person’s overall health. It supports your personal health and wellbeing, and it teaches ecological literacy. The outdoor programmes offer adventure and risks, this means youth are put into challenging and unfamiliar environments that are very different to the classroom setting that their used to. There are unique sets of rules in nature, natural consequences and authority people are spending very little time in the outdoors and because of this there is an increase in obesity and physical activity. There is a lack of understanding about the outdoor in today’s society, which is resulting in damages being caused to the environment and echo system. Needs Assessment.The group that I choose to focus on is teenagers between ages 12-15. They are attending the local youth club and have just started secondary school.  This is a difficult time in everybody life because we all go through changes. People are trying to discover who they are and is looking for their true identity. At this age most people are going into secondary level and fall into a ‘category’ of people, such as the ‘smart kids’ or the drop-outs. If a child makes the wrong decision it could be life changing for them, they could end up in the wrong gang and being involved in crime. They can experience bullying and a lot of peer pressure at this age. Unfortunately, the education system in Ireland is really focused on the academic side of things. Everything is about the results you get in your exams and how well you perform in class. If you do not achieve good enough grades, you are shouted at our made fun of. This is where education through the outdoors come in. outdoor education is specifically there to cater to everyone needs. There is no pressure put on you, and you choose what you want to do, at your own risk. If you choose to climb at tree, and you fall off well that was your own choice and nobody is to blame but yourself. This is a great way for the youth to understand there can always be consequences for your actions. At this age youth think they know best and don’t listen to advice there given from there family or friends. Session 1 activity1I will spit the group in two halves, and ask both groups to stand at either end of the playground.  One-half of the group has to turn their back to the other group so they cannot see the others.  One-half of the room has to take one shoe and the other half of the room has to guess who owns the shoe. When the person guesses the shoe owner correctly they have to tell us all something about themselves that the class didn’t already know. This is a great icebreaker because it is fun to do so therefore, everyone is in a good mood, it easy to do and it gives the class a chance to get to know each other better because they all have to reveal something personal about each other. Session 1 Activity 2The group has to go out and collect 20 items that are commonly found in nature, such as leaves and nuts. All the participants are divided into groups.  Everything the group gathered is placed on a sheet and one person at a time can look at the items. Then they all have two minutes to write down everything they think they saw on the sheet. This activity is a great team building exercise, it gives them all an opportunity to work as a team and communicate with each other. Session 1 Activity 3 The group has to think of an animal such as a dog or cat, anything! They cannot say the word of the animal; instead, they have to act it out. Then one by one everyone will guess the animals to see who was right. This exercise is a great way to use your imagination, everyone will be in the same boat, they will all feel awkward at first but they should all help each other through exercise, which would show there all developing well as a team and have built a friendship with each other. Session 2Activity 1The group will all be divided into groups of six. They have to say something they all have in common. Preferably, put people together that do not really know each other, this is a great way for them to get to know each other. Make sure to observe how they are doing in this activity. If you feel someone is uncomfortable talking about this change the topic to something more positive.  The whole point of this group is for everyone to enjoy him or herself and not feel pressured so therefore it is important they do not feel pressured into anything.   At the end of the exercise, the aim is that each group will realise what they all have in common because they all will have made a list out of all the things they have in common. The aim is that people who never spoke to each other will start a conversation and make new friends. Session 2 Activity 2 I will gather everyone around in a circle. I will divide the group in to groups of 2. . Partner A has to share a personal experience with partner B. This has to be a negative experience they encountered during some stage of their life. The reason it has to be a bad experience is so they can both discuss this experience together and come up with all the positives outcomes of this situation. It is important to make clear to them that it is ok if they do not want to share a personal experience they can make up a bad situation in case they feel pressured or uncomfortable. The purpose of this exercise is to show them there is always a positive ending to most bad situations and it is important to stay positive and seek the help and support you need. By doing an exercise, they will be using empathy, because they have to be empathetic towards each other’s problems. They will work as a team together to figure out all the positives in the situation. This will develop their communicating skills too because they have to discuss the issue and solve it together. By discussing the solutions to the problem, they learn new ways of coping with situations and maybe they could be introduced to other services that are available to them that they did not already know.Session 2 Activity 3 For the purpose of this activity, I will use the football pitch behind the centre.  The reason I am going to choose the football pitch is for the space. It is important they have enough space to move around in and do the activity. In addition, if they do fall over the grass is soft and they will not get hurt. I am going to ask the group to go around collecting objects they find around the centre that could be used in this activity. I will give them 10 minutes to look for items. This will give them all a chance to explore the area and have some fun with their friends while still trying to achieve the goal. Once the objects are collected, I will ask them to put them in the middle and from a circle around the objects. I will place all the objects around the football pitch. While I was doing this I had asked them all to split into pairs, and told them to choose which one of them would like to wear the blindfold. I instructed them that one person has to wear the blindfold and the other had to lead the other person without knocking anything over. This games purpose is to focus on trust, effective listening and strong communicating skills.  They must trust the person leading them otherwise; they will fail the task because they would not be able to walk without guidance   by the other person. It is important that they have strong listening skills because they will have to walk around objects and not hit into them. Session 3 Activity 1 This activity will be based in the local forest. I will first ask them all to look around them and tell me what they see around them. I will gather them all around in a circle and divide them into groups of 4. I will direct all the groups to different parts of the forest and ask them to create a story based on the objects around them. It was totally up to them what they use and what story they are going to create. I will be monitoring all the groups by keeping them at eye distance from me and observing what they are doing at all times in case and accidents happen. This is a great opportunity for them to use their imagination and become creative. They probably never get the opportunity to this at home or in school, so therefore they might be a bit weary at first. It is important to encourage them and maybe start by telling them your ideas. I will give them all twenty minutes for the activity then I will ask them all to get together in a circle in again and we will look at every groups work. I hope at the end of this activity that everyone will be happy with their piece and that they had fun doing it, because that would mean they were developing their communicating , leadership and team work skills while still having fun!Session 3  Activity 2 This game could get messy so I will make sure to ask them to bring in old clothes with them before doing this activity. This activity is something different but very effective and fun. Before we go outside I will ask them all to put on their old clothes and tell them why I wat them. I will explain to them that we are going to be playing with a raw egg and it could get messy. Once everyone happy to go I will bring them outside to the football pitch. I will gather them all around in a circle and explain the game to them. I will divide them into groups of 3. I am going to ask them to go around the area and collect materials they think would help protect the egg when they drop it on the ground. The aim is to not break the egg.  I will give them all 20 minutes to go around gather their materials and make the ‘cushion’ for the egg. This game will give them a chance to really look at the outdoors in a very different way. They are now looking for something that is a form of protection but yet soft enough not to break the egg. This will really challenge the group. They will develop their communicating skills because they will have to discuss what objects there going to use and where they think they will find it. Thy will all have to be given different jobs and have to work together to get the challenge done. Once the time is up, I will ask them all to gather around and drop the egg one by one to see whose team did the best. This should be really exciting and fun for them and there developing all the key skills unknown to them, which is great.Session 3 Activity 3For the purpose of this activity, I will be printing out puzzles that are available online and bring them into the group this week. I will divide everyone into small groups and hand them all out a puzzle each. Before they start, I will explain to them that the entire puzzle is different and that some of their puzzle might be in with either groups puzzle. This activity is going to really challenge them. The puzzle is hard enough to do not alone with pieces missing. They will have to use their communication skill that has really developed in the past few weeks to barter with the other groups to get their puzzle piece back. This will really show me if they activities have been working for them. They will also be using leadership skills, which have been used in previous games so it will be interesting to see if they gained more confidence in leading the group. This will show me if the activities I am using with the group are working or if I need to change things around.Session 4 Activity 1For this activity, I will be bringing them out into the local forest. I will hand them all a piece of marla and ask them to draw two faces on the marla and to use the leaves and piece of wood around them to use as part of their art piece.  I will ask them to draw two faces on the moral. One representing what they think people see/believe about them on the outside and the other face to represent how they feel on the inside.  The purpose of this exercise is to show them that everyone makes a prejudgement of everyone and as soon as you meet someone, you have automatically imagined what type of person they are, without getting to know the person. It is a natural instinct in a human. However, it is important to remember that everyone is different and that things are not always, like what they seem. They could be a very different person on in the inside.  Once everyone has finished there work I will ask them to gather around and show the group what they done. I will emphasise if they feel uncomfortable doing that it is completely fine. I hope after this exercise the group will become less judgemental and not judge people by the way they look and try to see what is on the inside.Session 4 Activity 2 The purpose of this game is to discover the beautiful sounds that can be created by the natural objects in our environment. I will ask all the youth to go around for ten minutes gathering an object they think will make a cool sound. This will give them an opportunity to really use their imagination and use objects they probably never used before and try use it in a different way then there usually used for. Once everyone ash gathered there objects and is happy with what they have, I will ask them all one by one to make a sound with their object by rubbing it together or banging it on something. It will open there eyes to new ideas, and show them that an object has multiple uses. In addition, hopefully will make them value nature more. If I think, the group is enjoying the activity I might ask them all to come together and make a song using all the instruments they gathered.Session 4 Activity 3 I will divide the class into groups of six. I will hand them all a map, which has the first locations on it. This activity will give the group an opportunity to get to know each other. At every location, there will be box. On every box, there will be a riddle, which they will have to solve. Once they get the answer right, the box will open and they will get the map to the next location. This activity will give them an opportunity to use their leadership skills and to really take charge of the activity. This activity should encourage the quieter people in the group to take charge and excel because they might be good at map reading or solving riddles. I am going to give them thirty minutes to complete this activity.Session 5 Activity 1 • I will bring the group out into the woods. I will have a list of instructions and they will have to go around and try to find everything I have listed out to them. I will give them two minutes to look for every instruction. This will be a great way for them to explore there outdoors. Below is the list of instructions I will read out.. • Count something so that you know more about it after you have counted it than you did before you counted it.• Find objects that are: hard, big, high, dead, wise land use threatening soft, small, low, calming, sad, funny,ugly, important on poor land use, unhappy, happy,beautiful, unimportant off living wasteful useful.• . Find a place where water has washed away the soil.• Look for an object that has a geometric shape in its structure. Think about how that form is related to its function.• Find and bring back a sound that makes you feel; angry, sad, beautiful, afraid, happy, and tough.• Find an unpleasant odour. Can you describe the smell? Find an odour that you like? Describe it. Can you think about why some things smell good and others don’t?• See if there is anything, you can do to change something that makes you sad.• Describe something of power.• Find the oldest thing and try to guess its age. What are ways of determining the age of something?• Find an object that has the texture of:smoothroughslipperyshinySession 5 Activity 2 For this game, I will need a long rope and several blindfolds.  I will ask the entire group to gather around in a circle and hand them all out a blindfold each. I will then hand them all a piece of the rope (that I have already tired the ends together of) and give it to the entire group. The goal of this activity is form them to make a square while there covered in a blindfold. As soon as the group thinks they have the square made, I will ask them to take the blindfolds off and they will all see there shape they have made. The purpose of this game is to show them the value of listening skills. How important it is to listen to instructions carefully and if you do not it will be evident on how you carried let the task. In this case, there will not be a square made if they did not work well together and did not listen to each other’s instructions. This will also show them that we all take our eyesight for granted and they will be put into the tough unfamiliar scenario of not being able to see. They will see how hard it is for blind people. Session 5 Activity 3Seen as it is the end of the day I figured I should do something light hearted.  For the purpose of this activity, I will go out to the forest and set up an obstacle course. I will put a long rope around the trees and have bucket connected onto the rope so that it will be freely able to move up and down around the trees. I will then ask the group to come out into the forest and divide them all into groups of three. I will have four different obstacles made so that everyone has the opportunity to participate. I will have them all a bucket of water and will tell them to fill the buckets that are on the trees. They will have to manoeuvre the bucket through the trees using the rope. The first group with to get to the end of the obstacle with the most amount of water will win.  The purpose of this activity is for the group to work as a tea. They will all have to work together to get to the end of the obstacle. They will also be using their communicating skills. They will have to communicate together to get the bucket moving and try to keep the amount of water in the bucket as they can. Session 6 Activity 1 For the purpose of this exercise, I will be using masking tape to create a large shape on the ground. I will mark the start and stopping points. I will put different objects that will make noise (such as branches, they make cracking noises once I stand on them) inside the shape I have created with the masking tape, and I will put twice as many letters of ‘X’ inside the shape. The ‘X’ pieces are mines, and therefore they must dodge these, if they do stand on one of these X’s the other teammate has to stand on one of the squeaky objects. I will ask two people at a time to put on a blindfold and try walk through the shape. Their only guidance through this activity is by vocal commands by their fellow team members. The main purpose of this game is communicating skills and trusting each other. These are some of the most important qualities every team should have.  Session 6 Activity 2 The purpose of this game is to show the youth what challenges nature face on a daily basis. I will ask them all to act like an animal and to hide around in the woods. They can use the natural objects around them as camouflage if they want. This is a fun game but will also make them see how vulnerable animals can be in the wild because of people. It will show them how scary it can be for them there natural environment being damaged and their lives being put at risk due to peoples selfish reasons.Session 6 Activity 3 I will ask them all to break up into groups and look for different objects they recognise in around the area of the youth centre. They can take objects from the pitch the park or the forest. They must know the purpose of this object and the value that objects has for them. Once they all have collected five items, will ask them all to get back into their teams and explain to me why these are so important and what their purpose is. Sadly not a lot of youth goes outdoors and experience the wilderness anymore so I’m expecting them to come back with maybe one or two objects and might not be too sure what there uses are. The purpose of this activity is to show them and explain to them what all these objects do in the wild and what they contribute to the ecosystem and explain to them if they get damaged or extinct that a lot of the wildlife would die. This will make them look differently at the outdoors and hopefully make them appreciate it more. 

Charles in natural after joining the Plinian Society.

    Charles Darwin was a very influential man who changed the hearts and minds of both scientist and average citizens for ages to come. His discoveries in evolution and natural selection were accepted by the scientific community soon after publication, but were strongly condemned by the Church. He was and will likely continue to be an inspiration for scientists of the past, present, and future.     Charles Darwin was born into a wealthy family in 1809 to Robert and Susannah Darwin. He and his five siblings went to their local Unitarian chapel even though he was baptized Anglican at St. Chad’s Church in Shrewsbury. In 1825, Darwin decided to become an apprentice doctor. He and his father treated the poor people of Shropshire. He then went to the University of Edinburgh Medical School, which was the most prestigious medical school in England at the time. After abandoning his dreams of becoming a doctor, Darwin studied taxidermy under John Edmonstone, a former slave who recounted his adventures in the rainforests of South America with Charles Waterton.    At the University of Edinburgh Medical School, Darwin joined the Plinian Society. This group of intellectuals met up, read and discussed various papers about natural science, and critiqued experts’ papers. Darwin began to take more of an interest in natural after joining the Plinian Society. During his time in this group, he discovered that cilia moved Flustra and that skate leeches’ eggs resided in oyster shells.     On December 27th, 1831, Darwin embarked on a five-year journey aboard the HMS Beagle with the intent to chart South America’s coastline. Darwin was recruited by John Henslow, who he had met at Christ’s College, to join the expedition as a naturalist.     Darwin’s family history explains his abolitionist beliefs. His grandfathers on both his father’s and mother’s sides (Erasmus Darwin and Josiah Wedgwood) were outspoken abolitionists who argued vehemently against slavery.  

1)Data our environment, and even how we conceive

1)Data visualisation (how to effective visualise multi-channel data)

It involves the creation and study of the visual representation of
data, of statistical graphics and data visualization as relatively modern
developments in statistics. The graphic portrayal of quantitative information
has deep roots. The histories of visual depiction and of the earliest
map-making, and later into thematic cartography, statistics and statistical
graphics. They also connect with the rise of statistical thinking and widespread
data collection and planning. These include technologies for drawing and
reproducing images, advances in mathematics and statistics, and new
developments in data collection, empirical observation and recording

2) Data analytics and mining

Data analytics and Mining is the process of discovering implicit but
useful knowledge from large data sets using visualization techniques. To form a
mental vision, image, or picture of (something not visible or present to the
sight, or of an abstraction); to make visible to the mind or imagination.” Visualization
is the use of computer graphics to create visual images which aid in the
understanding of complex, often massive representations of data.

3) Applications in a Virtual Reality environment for immersive

Immersive and interactive technologies such as Virtual Reality (VR),
are a new milestone in the way we interact with our environment, and even how
we conceive new approaches in our relationship with reality. Virtual reality
and other immersive Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have a
high potential for transforming the real world and the way in which we interact
with it. Thus, as virtual reality can be a powerful tool to bring about changes
in social reality itself, it is necessary to define and analyse its potential
implications and influence on how new media and communication technologies can
create new messages and cultural approaches new approaches in recent years with
the evolution of ICT

For stockpiling expenses in traditions or the punishment

For the meat items imported into China,
there is strict and complex documentation necessities (Sohlberg 2017). As a
matter of first importance, the exporters need to affirm qualification to send
out meat items from the nation where the items are produced. China prohibited
imports of hamburger from the US for right around fifteen years, because of an
instance of distraught bovine malady that happened in 2003 (China Briefing
2017).The nation of make needs to build up a convention with the Chinese
government, before fares can occur (China Briefing 2017).

The General Administration of Quality
Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China
(AQSIQ) is to issue an import allow for importation of import sustenance items,
for example, meat (China Solutions 2012). When all is said in done, the IBL
Sdn. Bhd. must have a substantial import permit issued by Ministry of Commerce
of the People Republic of China (MOFCOM) to permit section of meat and meat
items (AQSIQ 2017).The import permit is vital for IBL Sdn. Bhd. since the
permit should present to traditions for leeway. Any disappointment now can
prompt postponements in conveyance and installment (EU SME 2013). IBL Sdn. Bhd.
may confront extra stockpiling expenses in traditions or the punishment charges
by the expert (Johnson 2010).

IBL Sdn. Bhd. agree to enlistment
prerequisites keeping in mind the end goal to import sustenance items into
China. All merchants of sustenance items must be set up in China with an
enlisted business scope that incorporates the exercises of (i) bringing in and
(ii) dispersing nourishment items. IBL Sdn. Bhd. should likewise be enrolled as
a remote exchange administrator with the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) in China
or its approved nearby workplaces as indicated (Sohlberg 2017). Also, the
organization must enroll every shipment of meat items online with the officials
for following purposes (Sohlberg 2017). To enlist the items for sends out at
customs, the HS codes (Harmonized System codes) of the items is had to know, which
are utilized to group items exchanged (Johnson 2010). It’s essential that IBL
Sdn. Bhd. ready to group the items with the right HS codes, so the traditions
comprehend what controls and accreditations.

Neighborhood section leave review and
isolate workplace of AQSIQ might assume responsibility of examination, isolate
and supervision of inbound and outbound meat items under their individual
domain. Unregistered recipients should not be permitted to experience section
customs of Meat Products (Art. 10). This will thusly make extra expenses to IBL
Sdn. Bhd.

Directions may shift crosswise over kinds
of nourishment, and will not be reliably connected and implemented crosswise
over customs, and agencies (Amiti& Freund 2010). Given this procedural
darkness, it is vital to work with a put stock in accomplice (and maybe
different). The import of nourishment items has a substantially higher
possibility of progress when working with a traditions expedite that can deal
with import methods, particularly as the traditions specialist holds the
learning of applicable import enrollments and licenses, and goes about as the
contact between the organization and the pertinent authorities (Slater 2015).
IBL Sdn. Bhd. is encouraged to direct due tirelessness on potential dealers to
check that they are properly settled and enrolled and have a past filled with
fruitful operations (Dean, Fung and Wang 2011). Fare to various areas inside
China will require due constancy in order to maintain a strategic distance from
managerial disappointment (Slater 2015). The organization might need to work
with numerous accomplices to assess the nature of their help.

The deal local community efficiently. In Australia, Local

The National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO) is a very active organization in Australia to serve Aboriginal communities. NACCHO is also the national representative of 143 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) in Australia.

In 1996-97, Government sponsored NACCHO to enhance its capacity to involve Aboriginal people by establishing a secretariat in Canberra and NACCHO played significant role in national health policy development of Australia.


Initially an Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Service was a basic health care service started and run by the local Aboriginal community to deliver complete, holistic, and socially suitable health care facility and it was controlled by a locally nominated Panel of Management. Now NACCHO is operating 143 ACCHSs in Australia and they are providing a wide range to small range of services without any medical doctors because they rely on Trained Aboriginal health workers to deliver the basic care services to local community, often they focus on prevention and basic health education to local community.



Local Aboriginal community control is very important in and it allows to local Aboriginal community to control own their own and design a set of protocols and procedures to deal local community efficiently.


In Australia, Local Aboriginal communities control are governed by NACCHO to make sure that Aboriginal people are getting greater access to effective health care. NACCHO also provides a synchronised response and needs to local community based approaches to improve the basic health and social wellbeing of communities through ACCHSs.

Some of the points which are mainly focused by NACCHO:

“Promoting, developing and expanding the provision of health and wellbeing services through local ACCHSs;

Liaison with organisations and governments within both the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal community on health and wellbeing policy and planning issues;

Representation and advocacy relating to health service delivery, health information, research, public health, health financing and health programs; and

Fostering cooperative partnerships and working relationships with agencies that respect Aboriginal community control and holistic concepts of health and well-being.”


NACCHO inaugurated Social and Emotional Wellbeing Workforce Support Unit (WSU) Forum in Melbourne. In which some of the Social and Emotional Regional Centres that have previously provided support to “Bringing Them Home” and “Link Up workers”. These organisations are now in the process of becoming Workforce Support Units. The training aspect of this measure is being implemented through identified Registered Training Organisations.

The workforce support units of NACCHO have the following roles:

1. Co-ordinating a national network to provide professional support to SEWB workers;

2. Ensuring adherence to operational standards: staff supervision, qualifications and mentoring;

3. Supporting best practice service delivery;

4. Co-ordinating delivery of nationally recognised qualifications; and

5. Promoting ongoing training and continuing education.

NACCHO has concerns regarding who will co-ordinate the network nationally and what authority they will have over individuals and or services.

Most and zip files. How you set this

Most people use a cloud data storage for
their files, like Google Cloud, OneDrive, ICloud,, etc. Cloud is not
the answer for all storage, just like renting a storage unit you have to play
monthly for cloud storage anywhere between 0.002$-1$/GB/Month which will only
grow throughout your life. Hard drives on the other hand is a one purchase item
that can store 4 terabits (8 million Photos) for 100$. Different types of hard
drives do different things, for example a SSD (Sold State Drive) is faster and
more portable than a HDD (Hard Disc Drive) which can hold considerably more but
can lose everything if comes in contact with a magnet. To get the best
experience the computer should have a hybrid of both, which can take speed from
a SSD for the files used more frequently and storage capacity for the cat memes
you have only read once.

Having storage is worth nothing if you
can’t find what you want or is cluttered with large files, to keep a nice and
neat computer will probably require a great deal of folders and zip files. How
you set this up depends on what you’re storing, if it’s a variety of items it
is best to use folders to sort these items into categories an example of this is
the original folders set up on a Windows computer. This has folder called
libraries with subfolders that are for pictures, music, videos, and documents
but to further this system you could add more categories in these such as year
and then find the specific item by year. Using folders to store files can
change a lot from person to person but one thing that is something everyone
should do is to delete what you do not use and compress old files that you may
need (such as old billing information) into a zip file.

            Compressing a file makes it smaller
to free up space, or to decrease the time it takes to transfer the file between
storage devices. Compressing and uncompressing a file requires a program such
as WinRAR, 7zip, or Pkzip, 7 Zip is recommended because it is free on most
Windows computers. Large files that you download are often compressed to
decrease the time it takes to download, like large playlists of music, or Applications.
Without an application to uncompressed the files it is unusable.  Compressed Files can be password protected which
is one more layer of protection on important files.

            Another way to protect your files is
by backing them up on a spare storage device, because files can become corrupted
or lost, backing up files could be from backing up your whole operating system,
or just making a copy of all the super important files on your device, and
pasting them into a thumb drive. The easiest way to back up files is using windows
basic backup and restore program, you will also need a spare hard drive that
can hold a bit more than your hard drive installed to your computer. It is best
to back up your computer every 4 months; it is also a good idea to clear out
all the junk on your computer before you start the backup process. 

A go to the university to study medicine

A hero to some a monster to
others Che Guevara was the man who would revolutionize Argentina until his
death on October 9, 1967 in La Higuera, Bolivia So what exactly happened to the
man who was once idolize by others you may say? Che Guevara was born on June
14, 1928, Rosario, Argentina to the parents of Ernesto Guevara Lynch and his
mother Celia de la Serna y Llosa. He was the oldest of five children from a
wealthy class in an Argentine family. 
Early in his live Che Guevara developed empathy for the poor this
empathy that Che Guevara developed would further enhanced as he grew older.
After graduating from his high school with honors Che Guevara went to college
at University of Buenos Aires from 1948–1951 He would go to the university to
study medicine he did not graduate as he left in 1951 to travel around the vast
South America with a close friend and the poverty stricken area and disease
plagued country had a huge effect on Che Guevara He would go to the university
to study medicine he did not graduate as he left in 1951 to travel around the
vast south America with a close friend and the poverty stricken area and
disease plagued country had a huge effect on Che Guevara He would go to the
university to study medicine he did not graduate as he left in 1951 to travel
around the vast South America with a close friend and the poverty stricken area
and disease plagued country had a huge effect on Che Guevara. He is recall
saying that “In these circumstances people in poor families who can’t pay their
way are surrounded by an atmosphere of barely disguised acrimony; they stop
being father, mother, sister, or brother and become a purely negative factor in
the struggle for life and, by extension, a source of bitterness for the healthy
members of the community who resent their illness as if it were a personal
insult to those who have to support them” (Guevara, 2004). Che Guevara Family
wished he had become a doctor, but a motorcycle tour led him down a different
path.  Che Guevara and his friend Alberto
rode together on an old Norton motorcycle nicknamed The Mighty One. Their first
voyage was in 1950 this voyage included a 2,800 miles trip to northern
Argentina. Then they traveled all the way to Chile and thus this was the fall
of the motorcycle “The mighty one” they ditch their bike and traveled on foot
and caught rides on the back of trucks heading for an interior of Chile to see
the world’s greatest copper mine in Anaconda’s Chuquicamata and while here in
Chile he saw something that he never seen before the face of poverty. Che
Guevara became outraged of the working conditions of the miners Che Guevara was
recalled meeting a “couple who did not even own a blanket” (Guevara 1952).  From Chile Che Guevara traveled to Peru and
continued to Venezuela after seven months on the road Alberto decides to stay
in Venezuela while Che Guevara decide to return home to Bueno Aires to complete
his last year of medical school and that he did he finished his medical degree
making him Dr. Ernesto Guevara. During an interview with Dr. Ernesto he said,
“that through his travels in Latin America, he came in “close contact with
poverty, hunger, and disease” along with the “inability to treat a
child because of lack of money” and “stupefaction provoked by the
continual hunger and punishment” that leads a father to “accept the
loss of a son as an unimportant accident.” It was these experiences, which
Guevara cites as convincing him that to “help these people,” he
needed to leave the realm of medicine, and consider the political arena of
armed struggle” (Guevara 1953). Upon graduating from the University of Buenos
Aires headed out again this time for Bolivia along the way they meet other
young travelers. They had invited them to see Guatemala Che Guevara was
intrigued by the situation in Guatemala in which president Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán
attempt to bring about a social revolution to bring about land reforms.
December 24, 1953 was that date Che Guevara first arrives in Guatemala soon he
was introduced to Hilda Gadea Acosta who she later introduced to Fadel Castro a
26-year-old Cuban lawyer who led an attack on the Moncada Barracks in order to
over throw the Cuban government. On june 27th 1954 Castillo Armas is place in
power seen by many as an American puppet he mass arrested anyone who he
suspected to have ties with communism and old reign threaten with jail Che
Guevara takes refugee at this moment was when Che Guevara famously said
American was the “enemy of Humanity.” On September 1954 Che Guevara headed for
Mexico City where he was introduced to Raul Castro where raul set him up with a
meeting with Fidel Castro a meeting that would last all night. Fidel Castro
invited Che Guevara to join the July 26 movement and was now planning to
overthrow the dictatorship of Cuban government Fulgencio Batista. Hilda who was
left behind in Guatemala joins che where she announced to him that she was
pregnant and thus formed a marriage with her soon after the birth of his
daughter che pours all his energy into the movement.  Initially Che Guevara was going to be the
groups’ medic due to his Medical history background but “Guevara participated
in the military training with the members of the Movement. The key portion of
training involved learning hit and run tactics of guerrilla warfare. From the
start Guevara was Alberto Bayo’s “prize student” among those in
training, scoring the highest on all the tests given. At the end of the course,
he was called “the best guerrilla of them all” by their instructor,
General Bayo” (Snow 2009). But word got out about Che, Fidel Castro and most of
the July 26 movement members in the city were arrested at attained they were
arrested for about a month and released. November 25, 1956 Che and the
Guerrillas head to Cuba to overthrow the government. They would arrive to Cuba
two days late and in broad daylight before the troops had a chance to regroup
Baptiste and his air force group attack sending Castro group fleeing, but
unfortunally more than 2/3 of the army was killed. Only 17 of the original 82
was left they would all regroup to the Playa De Los ColoKauds mountain range.
On January 27th, 1957 the rebels stage an ambush on army patrol. Following this
the small group of 17 had to execute one of their own men Eutímio Guerra who
was discovered to be a spy. Che and Fidel ruthlessness would soon catch
attention from the world press. The article would confirm that Che and Fidel
were still alive amidst the air force group attack as a response Baptiste would
deploy 1,500 more rebels to hunt and take down. Fidel seeing how well Che
performs in battle promotes him and gives him his first military command with
75 men. Che and his men marched 370 miles to Santa Clara where he met Aleida
March: She was a supporter of the July 26 movement she would often smuggle
weapons and messages they would soon become lovers. On December 27, 1958 Fidel
commands Che to assault Santa Clara Despite being outnumber 10 to 1 Che Guevara
would successfully be able to take full control of Santa Clara. January 2nd,
1959, they have now gained control of Cuba due to Baptista fleeing in defeat.
Fidel Castro would soon implement the first changes in Cuba which included free
election and no communism and not taking seize of land from anybody yet when
Fidel Castro was sworn in as prime minister no election took place. Fidel ordered
Che to look over La Cabaña Fortress where he would order exactions of those he
found guilty. In which he killed over hundreds of people. June 12, 1959 Che
Guevara would leave Cuba to meet with the Soviet Union in which he offers a
deal which involve tons of sugar a deal the united states did not accept.
Praised by the public Fidel Castro took note of this and Che was appointed head
of the industrialization department and was appointed president of Cuba’s
national bank. In which he decreases the standard of living. Fideal Castro
nationalize all foreign oil companies which was a terrible mistake because as
the result of this the united states placed a trade embargo on all exports to
Cuba which caused thousands to flee from Cuba. But little did they know a
secret war was about to take place in which the united states planned to invade
Cuba. Fidel gives che command of Cuba’s army near Havana, but the invasion came
from an area of Cuba known as the bay of pigs in which it ended in a disaster
for the United States. By 1963 Cuba’s economy was in an all-time low che
Guevara solution was to stop relying on the soviet and spread the resolution
around the world. And on December of 1964 Che Guevara came to New York to
address the united nations in which he criticize the united states involvement
in Vietnam and also openly criticize the soviets which led to a private meeting
with Fidel Castro and Che Guevara as a result caused Che to “disappear” from
Cuba he used this opportunity to train rebels in the art of guerilla warfare in
the Congo. Due to the disappearance of Che many people including the united
states believed that Che Guevara was exile many also speculated that Fidel
Castro ordered his death, as a response Castro read a letter addressed by Che
which basically stating that he resign his position in Cuba. Che Guevara camp
in which he trained his followers was discovered and nearly over run Fidel urge
che to retreat and come back to Cuba in which he refused as a response Fidel
told che that he brokered a deal that would allow him to go to Bolivia Che
accepted. His plan was to train a guerilla force that would be able to wipe out
capitalism and be able to put communism in its place basically starting a world
war 3. November 1966 Che arrived in la paz with a new identity when he arrives
in la paz he makes his way to a base where he would be introduced to Loyola
Guzman and other members of the party when they arrive to Bolivia none of what
Fidel promised was there: no support, No vegetation no livestock etc. Yet Che
would continue with his plan. While the army was on patrol Che would split the
group into two. They were instructed to try to get a message out to Fidel
Castro in which they were unsuccessful due to being taken prisoner by Bolivia
forces. One of the men who were captured Ciro Bustos drew images of the Cuban
guerilla and due to this they were able to see Che Guevara profile and in June
1967 the CIA sent agents to Bolivia to track down and eliminate Che Guevara. As
Che Guevara noticed things were heating up he commands that his group would
flee to the Rio Grande to make there escape hakim group would make it there
first and as they crossed the river they were killed. By September Che Guevara
and his group were trying rigorously trying to survive Che Guevara at this time
lost half of his body weight and his men were reported to started hallucinating
and on October 8th they were spotted by a local farmer who in return
report it to a local officer They were then surrounded and trap by Bolivian
soldiers and on October 8, 1967 after 11 months on the run Che Guevara was
taken prisoner. And one day after his capture the Bolivian government ordered
for the execution of Che. And on October 9th,1957 Mario Teran a
young executioner shot and killed Che Guevara with the cause of death Battle