Thomas his own brother. Hardy became estranged from

Thomas Hardy, a great English poet and novelist, was born in the small
village of Higher Bockhampton, located in the county of Dorset (or Dorsetshire),
England, on 2 June 1840, to Thomas Hardy Sr., a master stonemason and a local
builder, and Jemina Hand, a well-read woman. His mother educated Thomas until he
was eight years old. Then he went to attend school for the first time at
Bockhampton. He furthered his education at Mr. Last’s Academy for Young
Gentlemen in Dorchester. Thomas studied there for several years English, Latin
as well as other subjects, demonstrating academic potential as a young boy. When
he was sixteen years old, due to lack of financial means to further his education,
Thomas left his studiesin the middle and began working as an apprentice nearby
James Hicks, an architect in his province.

As we can understand from above mentioned, until
a certain point in his early life, Hardy had a modest upbringing. However, he
found himself working successfully as an architect in Londonwhen he was 22
years old. There he enrolled as a student inKing’s College London. His
talent was “translated” in prizes given by Royal Institute of British
Architects and the Architectural Association. He spent five years in
London, butdrew back definitively to Dorset, settling in the seaside town of W0eymouth,
because supposedly he did not feel comfortable with the urban environment and
the class prejudice he felt while mixing with the rich and the bourgeoisie of
England’s capital city. As he returned to the countryside, Hardy started to
consider an alternative career as a novelist.

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Thomas Hardy married twice. In 1874, he married
Emma Giford, the daughter of a solicitor. He met her in 1870, while he was
working as an architect on the restoration of the St. Juliot Church in
Cornwall. They settled at the Max Gate house, designed with passion by Hardy
himself and built by his own brother. Hardy became estranged from his first
wife and married Florence Emily Dugdale, a children’s story writer as well as
his secretary at that time. His second wife was 39 years younger than him, but
it seemed that his love for his first wife was eternal. His Poems 1912-13
are an expression of his sorrows and his grief about her death in 1912. Thomas
Hardy died on 11 January 1928 because of a cardiac arrest and old age. Although
he had wished to be buried in the same grave with his first wife at Stinford
Church, his ashes rest in Poets’ Corner at Westminster Abbey.However,
his heart, connected forever to his beloved Emma, rests in her tomb at
StinfordChurch.Tomas Hardy was awarded the Order of Merit in 1910 and
was nominated for Nobel Prize in 1917.(Hardy, Thomas: Tess of the
D’Urbervilles; Life & Times, About the Author, page v-vi.)